A stepping stone in my quest, and bite size with the intention of reawakening the desire to travel down that road. But should we read the work this way? Plato's insistence on a common system of public education for citizens was seen as an inspiration for the growing movement to democratize and spread p. Even so, I felt it didn't help itself with a fairly stodgy style which made some sections heavier weather than they needed to be. It is probably the only work in ancient philosophy that a large number of people have read. Although it is tough to give an account of the various schools and do justice to the complexity of thought, she does try to highlight the major differences and give the reader a sense of what ancient philosophy was all about. A helpful secular guide nonetheless.
The illustrations used in this book were easily accessible and very well summarized. It also looks at his discussions of love and philosophy, his attitude towards women, and towards homosexual love. How can a physical brain create our experience of the world? He describes both his early and later philosophy, the differences and connections between them, and gives a fresh assessment of Wittgenstein's continuing influence on contemporary thought. If you have to touch on ancient philosophy, or Plato, in any of these courses, the Republic is seen as the obvious work to choose. In this chapter we will pull back the focus and look at some of the factors which separate us from ancient philosophical texts and issues. Grote disagrees with Plato's ideas, but sympathetically presents him as following different arguments and directions.
Are there any subjects that engaged the minds of ancient philosophers that do not concern their modern counterparts? More will be said about these differences in Chapter ; here I shall focus on factors in our reception of this tradition which make a difference to the way that ancient philosophy is seen as forming a tradition or canon, and to the way in which certain philosophers are seen as important. From aesthetics to the penal system; from madness and civilization to avant-garde literature, Foucault was happy to reject old models of thinking and replace them with versions that are still widely debated today. One thing we can certainly learn from the history of reading the Republic is that lack of awareness of these factors can lead to fruitless wrangling over which of various mutually contradictory interpretations is the correct one. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. The work came into prominence at the Renaissance, and Italian thinkers who saw themselves as Platonists thought of it as an ideal Utopian fantasy. I found the organization to be slightly annoying because Annas tries to base the outline of the book on themes instead of on eras, and so it becomes confusing to sort out the whens from the whats.
Could consciousness itself be an illusion? Author jumps from one topic to another and reader gets glimpses of some problems important ones, I admit , but others are left untouched. It is probably the most dramatic example. It could be asking for the point of reading this work — what we get out of it philosophically. Russell would find himself in a wood with two divergent paths and, rather than settling finally on one or the other, would return again and again to that moment of choice. In this lively and accessible introduction, Graham Priest shows how wrong this conception is.
So in contrast with a modern understanding in which moments of pleasure are happiness, in the ancient understanding moments of pleasure are often major obstacles to happiness with reference to life as a whole. Plato's idea of women Guardians was useful as the expression of an ideal, reflection on which would enable men to absorb the idea of women as political equals in society, entitled to the vote and to education. Apart from the vagaries of transmission, and the question of whether historical or philosophical interest is the driving one, there remains an ineliminable factor of philosophical interest, and this changes from period to period. This book aims to introduce readers to some ancient debates and to get them to engage with the ancient developments of some themes. It also provided me with some useful references to be able to further my understanding of Philosophy.
But Descartes did not intend the metaphysics to stand apart from his scientific work, which included important investigations into physics, mathematics, psychology, and optics. Ironic, considering she mentions that that's exactly why philosophy was and is considered stuffy and ridiculous, leading to anti-philosophical schools like the Stoics who regarded logic and classical philosophy as bogus for its increasingly technical vocabulary. It is rather a group of individuals unified by a shared purpose capable of eliciting co-operative acts. Going in I was interested to see how much I'd retained. The latter so redefined pleasure as seeking the tranquil life in the long term that it seems to no longer be maintaining a hedonistic position 44, 46-47.
A Nice Introduction If you could sum up Ancient Philosophy in three words, what would they be? Then, in the nineteenth century, Plato had a dramatic change of fortune, rising to the pre-eminence in study of ancient philosophy which he has kept ever since. There is no big picture or clear structure, that will help you organize your knowledge. The books are rolls of papyrus ancient paper , the charred fragments of which have been carefully studied by scholars. Do we really have free will? The nineteenth-century male élite who read the Republic at university were supposed to be inspired by it to adopt an ideal of selfless devotion to the public good, an ideal which was to serve as an antidote to economic ambition, which was seen as selfish. I personally had very little knowledge of philosophy, ethics, morality and so on before reading this but today i find myself using theories or arguments used as illustrations in this book to relate and explain modern day controversies. Not that I can remember.
Throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries Plato fell into philosophical neglect, and the Republic was regarded as a mere oddity, if it was regarded at all. What can we learn from the thoughts of the ancient philosophers? Moving away from the presentation of ancient philosophy as a succession of great thinkers, the book gives readers a sense of the freshness and liveliness of ancient philosophy, and of its wide variety of themes and styles. How these, and changes in these, should be explained is another matter. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. It is often assumed that this ideal political construction is the organizing idea of the book; indeed often the book is introduced as though it were Plato's chief response to what he thought were political questions of the time.
It arose and developed in Greek city-states, especially Athens, but continued to flourish as the Romans dominated the Mediterranean and beyond, and formed an important part of culture in most of the Roman empire, merging into Christian culture with varied success. I'd like to see a second edition though that makes better use of primary sources, and with perhaps a chronological rather than thematic ordering of chapters. Sometimes we need to distance them from present concerns and ask about our traditions of interpreting them. In English-speaking countries, it has long outlived the vogue for Idealist philosophy, and the political debates, that produced it. Along the way, the basics of formal logic are explained in simple, non-technical terms, showing that logic is a powerful and exciting part of modern philosophy.