And why has so problematical a text as the Chunqiu fanlu been accorded such a key role in Han intellectual history? Pau for a modern clinical perspective. Our argument is supported by empirical evidence from a range of sources, including administrative records and inscriptions on ancient stelae. These responses consistently are deemed by many commentators, present and past, to be authored by Dong. LoewearguesthatDongwas notaConfucian,thathedidnotprecipitateaWesternHanestablishmentofConfucianism Journal Philosophy East and West — University of Hawai'I Press Published: May 9, 2013. Upon the ascendancy of Confucianism as the state doctrine, as proclaimed by Emperor Wu in 136 B.
The chapters are arranged topically, such as longevity practices, yin-yang theory, or principles of treatment, and each begins with an exegesis that provides the context and explains the significance of that topic. He entered the imperial service during the reign of and rose to high office under. For obscure figures in Chinese history, such would be unexceptional, but for a figure of Dong's preeminence, this lack of certainty about such basic information is troubling and, so the manifold debates surrounding Dong's oeuvre make clear, call his coetaneous influence into serious question. A genuine progressive outlook of history never found a proper place in the Chinese philosophy of history. Chapter 1 reacquaints us with the evolving situation at the imperial court of the Han during the two centuries prior to the Wang Mang r. In the first response, Dong propounds that heaven conveys warnings through disasters p. Most are more or less connected to the Gongyang Commentary and its school and written by a number of different persons at different times throughout the Han Dynasty.
This consensus depended on an acceptance of the Chunqiu fanlu as a unitary text, ignoring the doubts expressed by some traditional Chinese scholars from the Song dynasty onward. Ricky Jeffrey provides a reader-friendly translation in English. The question Kong poses is, How can we reconcile ancient Chinese medical wisdom with modern science and demonstrate that traditional practices were evidence-based?. The only section where there is a problematic translation and the footnotes fail to provide a justification is section 4. This is a pity, as historical and ethnographic data indicate that people were often more likely to perform judicial rites at a temple than pursue formal legal action. The ascribed theses should be treated less as elaborations or extensions of Dong's own thought than as permutations of current trends and issues he considered.
Kudos to Brill for continuing to include all the attendant Chinese graphs and for publishing books with footnotes rather than endnotes even if junior faculty cannot afford to buy them. He is also considered the originator of the doctrine of , which lays down rules for deciding the legitimacy of a monarch as well as providing a set of checks and balances for a reigning monarch. The first analysis is a contextualization of Dong Zhongshu within Han history chapter 1 , a description of his life chapter 2 , and an evaluation of his writings chapter 3 and the salient subjects about which he wrote chapter 4. Another of his major works that has survived to the present is the in 82 chapters. Loewe begins his exploration of these questions by citing a veritable Who's Who of twentieth-century sinologists who described Dong Zhongshu as the architect of a Han Confucian synthesis. At a time in life when he could quite justifiably rest on his laurels, Michael Loewe has reached back to a set of questions that has engaged him throughout his career, and here offers his mature, considered thoughts on Han Confucianism and the important, enigmatic figure of Dong Zhongshu.
The usual criticism is that Confucian reverence for the classics stagnated intellectual development, resulting in a perpetual process of circular reasoning. And, as with his previous books, it will be required reading, for scholars who wish to pursue further research on Dong Zhongshu. I will also argue that chicken-beheading rituals share some similarities with Balinese cockfights see Geertz 1973 in that both present public commentaries on key social issues. Will the Confucian appeal and recognition of the import of harmonious balance become commonplace worldwide? Beginning with antiquity in the pre-Qin period before the warring states were unified by Emperor Qin Shihuang 221—210 c. His account is, therefore, a necessary and important prerequisite for if only the beginning of an East-West philosophical dialogue.
Loewe's contextualization of Dong and the Chunqiu fanlu is thoroughly detailed and well documented. Depending on the nature of the dispute and the status of those parties involved, people could choose one or a combination of these options. In challenging these assumptions, this book examines Dong career and reputation, and his supposed authorship of the Chunqiu fanlu, for long subject to question. The Shiji and Hanshu biographies are extensively paraphrased in these pages. Kong states two primary goals: 1 to produce a scholarly English-language translation of this synopsis of the Neijing, and 2 to reconcile knowledge from Chinese medical literature with modern scientific medicine. The firstanalysisisacontextualizationofDongZhongshuwithinHanhistory chapter1 , adescriptionofhislife chapter2 ,andanevaluationofhiswritings chapter3 and thesalientsubjectsaboutwhichhewrote chapter4. This is a ; the is.
He is traditionally associated with the promotion of as the official ideology of the Chinese imperial state. The second analysis is of the Chunqiu fanlu, and deals with transmission chapter 5 , the individual chapters chapter 6 , particularly important subjects and problems chapter 7 , and an in-depth examination of chapter 23 chapter 8. Scholars have noticed that centrally-appointed officials in imperial China were not only beholden to their superiors but also acted as brokers of local interests. It has been questioned, however, how correctly Kang Youwei understood Dong Zhongshu's thought. Even the meaning of Fanlu, ostensibly a string of beads hanging down from a hat, is undetermined.
And why has so problematical a text as the Chunqiu fanlu been accorded such a key role in Han intellectual history? Many scholars, especially those who specialize in the study of Chinese thought, cite ideas of harmony in ancient Chinese cos-mology-specifically the blending of yin and yang, and the interaction between the Five Phases wuxing, traditionally known as the Five Elements. For instance, the assertion of the importance of seasonal abnormalities for political events, though drawing in certain aspects of Dong's thought, does not directly originate from it. The effect is devastating; Journal China Review International — University of Hawai'I Press. Kuang Bailin 1980: Kang Youwei de zhexue sixiang. Specifically,theemperorshouldlooktothe classics ,especiallytheAnnals ,andthewordsofKongzi;cultivatethe way s of goodness , propriety , protocol , and music ; institute an Academy forthepurposeofpromulgatingthesetextsandvirtuesamongthe ministers;teachthepeoplethroughlocalschools;payattentiontotheworkingsof YinandYang,harmonizehimselfwiththeseasons,andheedomens likeeclipses ; hirepeopleaccordingtotheirmerit,ratherthanaccordingtotheirfamilyandsocial connections;andtrytoredresstheimbalancebetweentherichandthepoor. And why has so problematical a text as the Chunqiu fanlu been accorded such a key role in Han intellectual history? Chapter1reacquaintsuswiththeevolvingsituationattheimperialcourtofthe Han during the two centuries prior to theWang Mang r.