Whether the office's function was education or propaganda, the chief purpose was evident: to sell the President's foreign policy to opinion leaders. Truman never went to Congress, moreover, for a declaration of war during the Korean War, but Congress voted funds time and time again to continue it. What it does worst is understand others. The Russians rejected this scheme, finding it too protective of the American monopoly and an infringement upon Russian sovereignty. Sixty percent of the respondents in a Gallup poll disapproved of a loan to Russia only 27 percent approved, and 13 percent had no opinion.
These critics recognized ideological differences between Russia and the United States, but believed that some kind of modus vivendi or coexistence without military escalation could be realized diplomatically. Everywhere, water sources were contaminated and food supplies depleted. And, in symbiotic relationship, stable, prosperous economic conditions would serve American security by guaranteeing the supply of strategic raw materials, improving technology, strengthening allies, and providing the strong economic base needed for armed forces in the field. Truman fired Wallace from his post as Secretary of Commerce in 1946 for openly criticizing the President's gettough policy. In return for American products, Russia would offer valuable manganese ore, chromium ore, timber, and gold. Meeting the Communist Threat Japanese islands in the Pacific to use them as military bases, and American officials administered the Ryukyu Islands. Stuart Hughes, a low-ranking officer in the State Department's Division of Research for Europe, has reminded us that there were some quieter, less dramatic critics of the Cold War.
Given these characteristics, leaders who have developed views of a malevolent Communism that preys upon a vulnerable world may not shift their views, even in the face of abundant evidence that Communism is not the omnipresent force they imagine. Everywhere, displaced persons 40 Meeting the Communist Threat searched for families and homes. Religious opinion—Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish—also strongly denounced the Nazi-Soviet Pact. Much of the Soviet Union's national wealth had been destroyed. Even hostile opinion did not deter him from doing what he thought had to be done. Author by : James G.
Nonetheless, Taft, Pepper, and Taylor stood together in challenging the expansion of American military power abroad. Shortly after gaveling the Senate to adjournment that afternoon, Truman dropped into the private office of Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn to discuss some legislation and to strike a few liquid blows for liberty. Moscow, then, considered the Marshall Plan another American ploy to challenge and isolate Communist nations. Meeting theCommunist Threat is not only relevant to Mr. Florida will not allow herself to become entangled in the spiraling web of the Red network.
Telling the public so actually constituted another component in the effort to create friendly opinion. Once, during a social occasion at the London Conference in the fall of 1945, Byrnes and Molotov bantered. During the 1947 House hearings on aid to Greece and Turkey, congressmen questioned an evasive Acheson about the meaning of the Truman Doctrine with regard to China. Some American officials commented upon Titoist tendencies, but were uncertain whether the immediate examples of Sino-Soviet tension portended a long-term split. President Truman came to know this well when he projected American power abroad. The former Secretary of the Treasury, removed by Truman in 1945, thought Truman too rigid toward Russia.
Text block is lightly foxed. Stone was a brazen, insistent, and unorthodox investigative journalist who was never accepted into his profession's elite. The question was conditional aid or full-scale support. Because so few were listening to them, and because of their deep conviction, they occasionally shouted to be heard. Possible clean ex-library copy, with their stickers and or stamp s. Thinking in the peace and prosperity idiom, they believed that a failure to act would jeopardize American interests, drag the United States into depression and war, spawn totalitarianism and aggression, and permit the rise of Communists and other leftists who were eager to exploit the disorder. Telling the story through rich analysis and substantial research in private papers, government archieves, oral histories, contemporary writings, and scholarly works, Paterson exp In this provocative new book, the distinguished diplomatic historian Thomas G.
And under the tutelage of General MacArthur, Japan was rebuilt as an ally, especially after 1948 when it became evident that China was going Communist. He demonstrates how Truman acted upon these views, launched the containment doctrine and exercized American power both in Europe and Asia. Nuances, ambiguities, and counterevidence were often discounted to satisfy the President's preference for the simpler answer or his pre-coriceived notions of Soviet aggressiveness. In Saudi Arabia, for example, Americans built and operated the strategically important Dhahran Airport and dominated that nation's oil resources. Things are either pure black or pure white. Still, the administration, despite congressional cuts in military assistance, got what it wanted from Congress, including aid to Communist Yugoslavia after Tito's break with Stalin.
In the last chapter, Paterson demolishes the argument that the Vietnam War could have been won and probes the analogy between Vietnam and Central America in the 1980s. His much-publicized Strange Alliance 1947 drew heavily upon the Nazi-Soviet analogy. Eisenhower, John Foster Dulles, John F. He was bored, his thoughts wandering to a poker game scheduled that evening with friends at the Statler Hotel. Truman pursued his policy toward Poland. Other studies reported that in 1946, 43 percent of adult Americans had not followed the discussion on an American loan to Britain, that 31 percent could not even give a simple answer to a question about the purpose of the United Nations Organization, and that 58 percent had not paid attention to the major debate between the Truman Administration and Henry A.
It is easy to slip into an attitude of imperialism and to entertain the idea that we know what is good for other people better than they know themselves. Many of them also denied that Russia was such an aggressive monster that the United States should, as it seemed to be doing, avoid negotiations. Interest group executives were given flattering appointments on consulting bodies like the President's Committee of Foreign Aid, the Public Advisory Board of the Economic Cooperation Administration, and the Business Advisory Council of the Department of Commerce. Their ground forces lacked motorized transportation, adequate equipment, and troop morale. There are no returns on appeasement. The overall quality of the essays is remarkably high. The Marshall Plan proved a mixed success.